Welcome to MacPhail’s Music Theory Tutorials! These videos are designed for students and teachers to watch in or out of a lesson for added reinforcement and general knowledge of music theory. They are designed to be easily adaptable to students learning any instrument, and at many different skill levels.

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Intro to Scales and the Major Scale (1 of 5)

Written Practice:
Major Scale Workout
Major Scale Workout Alto Clef
Major Scale Workout Bsss Clef

Things to play on your instrument:
•   Start on the tonic of the scale and play the scale all the way up to the next tonic
•   Turn on one of these play along tracks and improvise using the major scale. Try to make your melody interesting.

How Major Scales are Used (2 of 5)

Written Practice:
Using Major Scales
Using Major Scales Alto Clef
Using Major Scales Bass Clef

Things to play on your instrument:
Pick a major scale and start on the lowest pitch that your instrument plays. Play that scale all the way up to the highest pitch your instrument plays. This will help you recognize respelled scales.

Natural Minor Scale (3 of 5)

 

Written Practice:
Natural Minor Scale Workout
Natural Minor Scale Workout Alto Clef
Natural Minor Scale Workout Bass Clef

Things to play on your instrument:
Pick a natural minor scale. Play the natural minor scale up and down for one octave. Then play the RELATIVE major scale. Do the same with all the natural minor scales and their PARALLEL major scale.

Harmonic and Melodic Minor Scales (4 of 5)

 

Written Practice:
Harmonic and Natural Minor Scale Workout Treble clef Harmonic and Natural Minor Scale Workout Alto clef
Harmonic and Natural Minor Scale Workout Bass clef

Things to play on your instrument:

Harmonic Minor: Play each harmonic minor scale, by “wandering” around. In other words, start the scale and change direction(up or down) whenever you feel like it. Make sure to emphasize the raised 7th scale degree.

 

Key Signatures and Scales (5 of 5)

 

Key Signature Workout

Online Practice:
Major Key Signatures
Minor Key Signatures

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